By the mid-1860’s, Edward Chew wrote, “the official ‘Chinatown'” in Oakland was north of town, on the east side of Telegraph between 16th and 17th streets.
Around 1867, a fire destroyed the Telegraph Chinatown. When city authorities prevented them from rebuilding, these early Oaklanders created a new Chinatown along the east side of San Pablo, in an area between today’s 19th and 20th streets. The surrounding land was mostly farmland with some residencies.
This 1859 Whitcher map shows almost all downtown development stopped south of 14th street. In the late 1960’s, after forcing the Telegraph Avenue Chinatown to relocate, city officials extended Broadway north of 14th street.
When the roads were to be built, the City Council ordered to have all unnamed property owners or tenants who were “in the way” to move, offering these tenants only $1 in compensation. (source: Oakland City Council Resolutions, Volume 1).
Artist interpretation of Oakland in 1870. Click on the image to view.
A photographer stood on Washington Street to take this picture of the new City Hall’s 14th street side. The area north of the City Hall was still largely rural.
Many Chinatown residents resisted the move. Even three years after Chinatown residents were relocated, the Oakland Tribune had released an article claiming that the Chinatown must move in order to increase the value of the surrounding area. (Oakland Tribune, March 13, 1875).
Over 125 years later, these buildings still stand, bringing testimony and commemoration of the history of Oakland’s early Chinese pioneers.
End of online exhibit.
This research was conducted by Anna Naruta, UC Berkeley Scholar in 2005.